who invented the kodak box camera


who invented the kodak box camera插图

George Eastman

Who invented the Kodak camera?

Updated January 24, 2018. In 1888, inventor George Eastman invented dry, transparent and flexible photographic film (or rolled photography film) as well as the Kodak cameras that could use the new film.

What is a Kodak box camera?

The KODAK camera introduced in 1888 by George Eastman, an American innovator and entrepreneur, was the first “box” camera to become widely adopted by the public and its design became the archetype for box camera designs introduced by many different manufacturers.

Who owns the Kodak Company?

George Eastman's Kodak Camera. Eastman was an avid photographer and became the founder of the Eastman Kodak company.

Why did George Eastman make the Kodak camera?

George Eastman's Kodak Camera. George Eastman was an avid photographer who became the founder of the Eastman Kodak company. Eastman wanted to simplify photography to make it available to everyone, not just trained photographers.

When was the Polaroid controversy?

Polaroid Controversy. Photograph Taken With Kodak Camera - Circa 1909. On April 26, 1976, one of the largest patent suits involving photography was filed in the U.S. District Court of Massachusetts. Polaroid Corporation, the assignee of numerous patents relating to instant photography, brought an action against Kodak Corporation for infringement ...

When was the first Kodak camera made?

Putting the "K" in Kodak: A Legendary Camera is Born. The Kodak Company was born in 1888 with the debut of the first Kodak camera. It came pre-loaded with enough film for 100 exposures and could easily be carried and handheld during its operation. "You press the button, we do the rest," Eastman promised in the advertising slogan for his ...

What does "K" mean in trademarks?

"A trademark should be short, vigorous, incapable of being misspelled,” George Eastman said, explaining the process by which he'd come to name his company. "The letter 'K' had been a favorite of mine. It seems a strong, incisive sort of letter. It became a question of trying out a great number of combinations of letters that made words starting and ending with "K."

What is Figure 1?

Figure 1 is intended to exhibit the operation of the setting of the shutter for an exposure.

Who is Mary Bellis?

Mary Bellis covered inventions and inventors for ThoughtCo for 18 years. She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. In 1888, inventor George Eastman invented a game-changing kind of dry, transparent, flexible photographic film that came in a roll.

Who bought the patent rights to the camera?

Eastman also bought the patent rights to twenty-one inventions related to photographic cameras issued to David Henderson Houston. Houston immigrated to America in 1841 from Glasgow, Scotland. While he earned a living as a farmer, Houston was an avid inventor who filed his first patent in 1881 for a camera that used a roll ...

Was the Kodak/Nodak connection a coincidence?

According to Houston's niece who wrote her uncle's biography, the Kodak/Nodak connection, which came at about the same time Eastman bought his first patent from Houston, was likely not a coincidence. (This is a photograph of Eastman's Kodak Park plant, in Rochester, New York, circa 1900 to 1910.)

What was the Kodak moment?

By the 1960s, the term “Kodak moment” had become part of the American popular lexicon. People’s desire to capture every aspect of their lives, which Eastman had first unleashed 125 years ago, then found new technological enablers in the late 20th century with the advent of Charged-Coupled Devices (CCD).

How much was a Kodak camera?

The “Kodak” camera was a simple, small box camera that came with a pre-loaded roll of film of a 100 shots. At $25, it was not cheap. But it provided the convenience for which the middle class was willing to pay. The advertisements for the Kodak camera proudly proclaimed: “Anybody can use it.”.

When did Kodak start using CCD cameras?

And yet, ironically, Kodak was a pioneer in CCD camera technology. It all started in 1974 with a 20-second conversation between Steven Sasson, an electrical engineer working in the R&D lab of Kodak’s Apparatus Division, and his boss Gareth Lloyd. Fairchild had just introduced one of the first CCDs to the market.

When did Kodak go bankrupt?

In 2013, just 125 years after George Eastman put the revolutionary Kodak camera on the market that launched the Kodak business empire, the company was forced to auction off 1,100 of its patents as part of bankruptcy proceedings. These patents dealt with image capture, manipulation and sharing technologies.

When did Kodak become a global company?

The Kodak camera became all the rage and rapidly spread through middle class America. In 1892 , the company was renamed the Eastman Kodak Co. During the next hundred years, the company grew into a global industrial giant with an impressive list of innovations in film and imaging. The Kodak brand had become a global icon.

What was George Eastman's business model?

George Eastman’s genius lay in seeing the enormous business potential in democratizing photography; making picture taking very simple and affordable. “You press the button, we do the rest” was the foundation of the company’s business model. In the 21st century, with the Internet, social media, cheap and small digital cameras, and the introduction of CCDs into cell phones, the process of democratization expanded dramatically. “We do the rest” no longer had any relevance. All around the world, even in the poorest areas, people were snapping countless pictures and displaying them instantly. But of more profound significance, people wanted to share them in real-time across the globe. It’s no longer about memorializing “Kodak moments.” It’s now about sharing the “Kodak moments” with the world.

What was Eastman's theory of wet plates?

Eastman’s thoughts quickly turned to the obstacles that the burdensome wet-plates posed to growth of photography. In 1878, he read an account in the British Journal of Photography, of a new formula for an emulsion that eliminated the need to soak the plates. It was a “dry-plate.”.

What did the Brownie camera do?

The Brownie helped to put photography into the hands of amateurs and allowed the middle class to take their own "snapshots" as well . Eastman Kodak introduced the new Brownie dollar box camera in 1900; the release was supported by a major advertising campaign.

What did Eastman do with his camera?

He began with "K," the first letter of his mother's maiden name, and finally came up with "Kodak." He registered the trademark and put his new camera on the market . Eastman had made everyone a photographer. His Kodak flourished on the slogan, "You press the button—we do the rest."

What has contributed to photography over the course of the century?

From the Kodak Brownie to the advanced cameras and equipment of today, all have significantly contributed to photography over the course of the century and will continue to be developed into the next millennium. Do you see any inventions or improvements that are poised and ready to take us into the future? What will people entering the year 2100 remember about the turn of this century?

Why is the camera called Brownie?

The name "Brownie" was chosen primarily because of the popularity of a children's book of cartoons of the same name , and partly because the camera was initially manufactured for Eastman by Frank Brownell of Rochester, New York.

What was the purpose of the dry plates?

Chemists had found a way to coat a glass plate with light-sensitive chemicals that would not lose their sensitivity when dry. The dry plates could be used in a camera without any special chemical preparation on the spot by the photographer. But the glass plates were still heavy, fragile, and hard to ship.

Did Hyatt use celluloid?

For some years, Hyatt used celluloid only for making solid objects. George Eastman, a bank clerk who was making $1500 a year in 1877, was so interested in photography that he went out and spent $94 on a photographic outfit. He saw that the new dry plates* would make possible a whole new market for photographic equipment.

Who made everyone a photographer?

Eastman had made everyone a photographer. His Kodak flourished on the slogan, "You press the button—we do the rest.". George Eastman continued to expand his business. In 1900, he purchased the Blair Camera Company of Boston, and the American Camera Company of Northboro, Massachusetts.

Who Was George Eastman?

In 1880, George Eastman opened the Eastman Dry Plate and Film Company . His first camera, the Kodak, was sold in 1888 and consisted of a box camera with 100 exposures. Later he offered the first Brownie camera, which was intended for children. By 1927, Eastman Kodak was the largest U.S. company in the industry. Eastman committed suicide in 1932.

Why did Eastman Kodak come up with the name Kodak?

Eastman also came up with the name Kodak, because he believed products should have their own identity, free from association with anything else. So in 1888, he launched the first Kodak camera (a few years later, he amended the company name to Eastman Kodak).

What was the Eastman's plan to visit Santo Domingo?

Inventions. When Eastman was 24, he planned to visit Santo Domingo and, on the advice of a colleague, decided to document the trip. But the photography equipment alone was enormous, heavy and costly. He bought all the equipment, but he never took the trip.

What happened to the Eastman sisters?

One of young Eastman's two older sisters was wheelchair-bound from polio and died when Eastman was 16. Eastman's mother, Mary, took in boarders to support the family, and Eastman dropped out of high school at age 14 to add to the family income.

When was the Brownie camera invented?

The Brownie camera was launched in 1900 to target new hobbyist photographers — children — and with its $1 price tag, it also became a favorite of servicemen. Eastman supported the military in other ways as well, developing unbreakable glass lenses for gas masks and a special camera for taking pictures from planes during World War I.

What started the amateur photography craze?

In all, Eastman's innovations started the amateur photography craze that is still going strong today.

When did Kodak start photography?

Kodak Photography. He resigned from his bank job after launching his fledgling photography company in April 1880. In 1885, he headed to the patent office with a roll-holder device that he and camera inventor William Hall Walker had developed. This allowed cameras to be smaller and cheaper.

Why do box cameras work?

Because of the inability to adjust focus, the small lens aperture and the low sensitivity of the sensitive materials available , these cameras work best in brightly lit day-lit scenes when the subject is within the hyperfocal distance for the lens and of subjects that move little during the exposure. Eventually, box cameras with photographic flash, shutter and aperture adjustment were introduced, allowing indoor photos.

How to take a photo with a Kodak?

Taking a photograph with the Kodak was very easy, requiring only three simple actions; turning the key (to wind on the film); pulling the string (to set the shutter); and pressing the button (to take the photograph). Before the introduction of the Kodak, photographers were responsible for making their own arrangements for the development and printing of their pictures.

What is the slogan of Eastman?

Eastman launched an advertising campaign featuring women and children operating the camera, and coined the memorable slogan: “You press the button, we do the rest.”

Where was Kodak made?

In 1892, Eastman established the Eastman Kodak Company, in Rochester, New York. It was one of the first firms to mass-produce standardized photography equipment. The company also manufactured the flexible transparent film, devised by Eastman in 1889, which proved vital to the subsequent development of the motion picture industry.

Who invented the Kodak camera?

The KODAK camera introduced in 1888 by George Eastman, an American innovator and entrepreneur, was the first “box” camera to become widely adopted by the public and its design became the archetype for box camera designs introduced by many different manufacturers. He perfected the Kodak camera, the first camera designed specifically to use roll film.

What is a brownie Hawkeye flash?

An iconic mid-century model is the Brownie Hawkeye Flash which could be coupled with an electric flash. The Bakelite body and mechanisms functioned much like the Baby Brownie and the box Brownies. But with only one aperture, one shutter speed, and bulb mode, the Brownie Hawkeye could not focus closer than about five feet. The Hawkeye used 620 film, a format developed by Kodak in 1931. It is commonly thought this switch from 120 to 620 was a marketing ploy. The emulsive surface of the film is the same, however, the paper backing and spool are differently sized. In short, it benefitted Kodak if all their cameras would only accept Kodak film.

What was the earliest Kodak camera?

The Earliest Kodak Brownie Cameras. “Waiting for the President,” June 19, 1922. A girl referred to as “Little Miss Tarkington” waits with a Kodak Brownie box camera to take a picture of Warren G. Harding. (Photo: National Photo Company Collection/Library of Congress)

What is a brownie camera?

Millions of Brownie cameras of varying varieties were purchased and made photography an affordable part of everyday life. As much as Kodak became synonymous with the heyday of film photography, the Brownie camera became iconic for its snapshots.

How much did the original Brownie camera cost?

The original Brownie sold for one dollar ($31 in 2021). The required 117 mm film was likewise affordable, as was processing your shots by sending them to Kodak or at a local lab. The original Brownie was produced in 1888 and released in February of 1900. It's an example of a box camera.

When were box brownies invented?

Box Brownies continued to be produced through the 1950s, however other materials were used in new versions of the camera. Most important was the synthetic plastic Bakelite. Patented in 1909, an early Kodak Bakelite camera was the “ Baby Brownie .”. This small device was released in 1934 and used 127 film.

When did Kodak Brownie cameras come out?

With years of expertise in crafting cameras and film, the company released the legendary Kodak Brownie camera in 1900. This simple machine distilled the camera to its basic elements, making it cheap and easy to use.

Why are commercial photography studios the only ones producing prints?

Previously, commercial photography studios were the only ones producing prints, as the barrier to entry was high; the materials needed were large, expensive, and required experience. The glass plate negatives and large format cameras were better suited to studio use than photography on the fly.