how to work a manual camera


how to work a manual camera插图

What does it mean when a camera is set to manual?

Once your camera is set to Manual, you can adjust different settings and even control your flash. Most importantly, shooting in Manual lets you independently adjust the three key exposure variables: Together, the ISO, aperture, and shutter speed determine the overall brightness of your photos (i.e., the exposure).

How do I take professional pictures with my camera?

To take an image that looks professional, first you must set your camera settings to match the light in the room/atmosphere. Turn your dial to set your camera to manual, you should never have the camera set to auto. The auto setting does not always give you the best exposure possible. The first setting to adjust is shutter speed.

What is manual mode on a DSLR camera?

By shooting in Manual Mode you have full control of your shutter speed, ISO, and aperture, among an array of other settings that can further fine-tune your images. Manually controlling the aperture, for example, can help you achieve those beautiful portraits with blurred bokeh backgrounds.

Should you shoot in manual or auto mode?

You can’t trust the auto settings on your camera to read your mind and capture exactly what you want. When you shoot in Manual Mode, you have complete control over all of the camera settings. You can fine-tune your images and figure out the best settings to capture what you want. Say goodbye to blurry and overexposed images!

What is Manual mode in photography?

Manual mode gives you complete control over your camera settings. Once your camera is set to Manual, you can adjust different settings and even control your flash.

How to use manual mode?

Manual mode is good if… 1 You’re working in unchanging lighting conditions. 2 You want complete control over your different exposure variables. 3 You want to underexpose or overexpose your photos for creative effects. 4 You’re shooting slow, deliberate photos (e.g., landscapes) and you have the time to carefully adjust your settings.

How does ISO affect exposure?

They also affect your photos in other key ways – by adjusting the sharpness, depth of field, and overall image quality.

What is the aperture of a lens?

Aperture. The aperture is an opening in the lens. The wider the aperture, the more light it lets in and the brighter the resulting exposure (see the aperture cheat sheet below): Note that photographers use f-stops to refer to aperture sizes, where a smaller f-stop refers to a larger aperture and vice versa.

What aperture gives you a brighter image?

So an aperture of f/1.4 lets in a lot of light, giving you a brighter image. An aperture of f/22 lets in very little light, producing a darker image. Make sense?

Why use a higher shutter speed?

In general, it pays to use a higher shutter speed to capture sharp images. But there are times when you might want to create motion blur for artistic effect, in which case a slower shutter speed is the way to go.

What does shutter speed mean?

Shutter speed is essentially the exposure time of an image; that is, how long the shutter stays open to allow light to hit the sensor. The faster the shutter speed, the less light that hits the camera sensor and the darker the final image. The shutter speed also determines image sharpness.

What is ISO 200?

ISO is simply a camera setting that will brighten or darken a photo or the sensitivity of the sensor. The larger the number the more sensitive that sensor is (that little piece of electronic equipment in your camera to the light coming in). At ISO 200 it is twice as sensitive as it is at 100. As you increase your ISO number, your photos will grow progressively brighter.

What is a Dutch tilt?

A dutch tilt is an angled camera shot where the horizon line isn't parallel with the bottom of the frame, and vertical lines are at an angle to the side of the frame.

How to get a picture that is not shaky?

To get an image that is not shaky you want to use a tripod or both hands to keep the camera stable. Anything you can set your camera on works to, just make sure it is sturdy.

What is the rule of thirds?

The rule of thirds is a composition guideline that places your subject on the left or right third of an image, leaving the other two thirds more open.

What is a medium shot?

A medium shot is a shot approximately from the waist up. A medium shot is used to emphasize both the subject and their surroundings by giving them an equal presence in the shot.

What are the different types of shots?

Use different shot types to help with the psychology of the image. Shot types might include wide shot, medium shot, extreme close up, dutch tilt, etc.

What are the drawbacks of Manual mode?

That's why I like suggestion the "D'oh!" approach to starting out; that moment when you're photographing something for the Nth time and you suddenly realize that Manual mode would be easier than the semiautomatic mode you've been relying on.

How to choose aperture for a lens?

Choosing an aperture: Keep in mind that if you have a zoom lens with a variable aperture range (denoted as say, an 18-55mm f3.5-5.6 lens rather than 24-105mm f4), the widest aperture will decrease as you zoom in to the telephoto end regardless of your setting -- e.g., go from 18mm f3.5 to 55mm f5.6 -- and reverse toward your setting as you zoom back out to wide angle. With a lens like that, on anything smaller than full-frame you don't have a lot of flexiblity. For everything but studio-type work, if you're going to shoot with an inexpensive kit lens and want the closest you can get to a set-it-and-forget it choice, I vote for f5.6, at least in good light. That will ensure snapshot-quality sharpness of most things you plan to shoot, and will keep the aperture from changing as you zoom. An alternative is to set it f3.5 (or whatever the widest your lens supports) with the understanding that it will change automatically as you zoom, but it will automatically change to be set to the widest aperture possible for a given focal length.

Why do I need to set my shutter speed and aperture?

When the lighting is changing radically . Setting your shutter speed and aperture and allowing Auto ISO sensitivity to float the setting ensures your shutter speed and aperture will stay in the safe zones. Normally I don't recommend Auto ISO, but in very dark conditions you're going to end up with a high sensitivity anyway, so you might as well just end up with it automatically.

What is the difference between a still and a video?

When shooting video. In video, decisions about shutter speed and aperture have even more importance than with stills. For instance, in a still, 1/250 second might stop the action, but in a video, it gives it a jittery look that you might want in order to convey speed.

How does a camera meter work?

You set the shutter speed and aperture independently, and the camera meters the scene -- decides how much light is available -- and tells you if if the settings will produce an overexposed, underexposed or just-right exposure. You then adjust either or both of the settings until the meter reads the way you want. So the trickiest part is to actually remember to look at the meter.

How to tell shutter speed?

Shutter speed: "Shutter speed" indicates the amount of time the camera exposes the sensor to light from the scene. Compared to older cameras, most modern models now display the speed unconfusingly; that is, 1/2 is a half second and 2" is two seconds. If they don't, then the whole seconds might be displayed in a different color. In the viewfinder the camera usually drops the "1/" and indicates speeds greater than or equal to one second with a quotation mark. You might see a "B" on your mode dial, which stands for "bulb": in this mode, basically, the camera leaves the shutter open between button presses. Long exposures like that are good for astrophotography, for example.

Why do digital cameras use manual mode?

Using Manual mode is tons easier with a digital camera than it previously was with film, because you can see immediately if the settings aren't working. Even with modern film cameras, the light meter in the viewfinder would indicate if the exposure was "correct," but usually you had to rely on rules of thumb like Sunny 16 to figure out where to start. Now, if you have no clue what settings to start with, you can stick it in Program mode or Shutter-priority mode and see what the camera chooses, then switch to Manual and adjust from there.

What is the optical component of a camera?

The optical component of the camera is the lens . At its simplest, a lens is just a curved piece of glass or plastic. Its job is to take the beams of light bouncing off of an object and redirect them so they come together to form a real image -- an image that looks just like the scene in front of the lens .

What happens when you turn the lens on a camera?

This is what you're doing when you turn the lens of a camera to focus it -- you're moving it closer or farther away from the film surface. As you move the lens, you can line up the focused real image of an object so it falls directly on the film surface.

Why do professional photographers use SLR cameras?

In this sort of camera, the mirror and the translucent screen are set up so they present the real image exactly as it will appear on the film. The advantage of this design is that you can adjust the focus and compose the scene so you get exactly the picture you want. For this reason, professional photographers typically use SLR cameras.

Why does a lens bend when it exits the glass?

It bends again when it exits the glass because parts of the light wave enter the air and speed up before other parts of the wave. In a standard converging, or convex lens, one or both sides of the glass curves out. This means rays of light passing through will bend toward the center of the lens on entry.

How do images form?

We've seen that a real image is formed by light moving through a convex lens. The nature of this real image varies depending on how the light travels through the lens. This light path depends on two major factors: 1 The angle of the light beam's entry into the lens 2 The structure of the lens

How does light travel?

As light travels from one medium to another, it changes speed. Light travels more quickly through air than it does through glass, so a lens slows it down. When light waves enter a piece of glass at an angle, one part of the wave will reach the glass before another and so will start slowing down first.

What are the elements of a still film camera?

A still film camera is made of three basic elements: an optical element (the lens), a chemical element (the film) and a mechanical element (the camera body itself).

Why is my camera shutter speed so fast?

The shutter speed controls how long or short your camera is open to expose light. This determines if your photo is crisp or blurry (think cars blurring on the street or water in motion). When it is bright outside, you will want a faster shutter speed so that the scene doesn’t get washed out.

What aperture is better for a camera?

Generally, the lower the aperture number, the better the lens. You’ll want at least one lens that shoots at F/4 or lower. but F/2.8 or lower is even better.

What is the widest aperture for a Fujifilm lens?

For example, a standard Fujifilm kit lens is the 18-55mm F/2.8; which means that it can zoom from 18 to 55mm and the widest aperture available is 2.8.

What controls how wide the lens is open?

Aperture controls how wide the lens is open.

Where is the diopter dial on a camera?

Your diopter dial is usually located near your viewfinder and can be turned clockwise or counterclockwise to adjust the focus of your eyesight.

What is the golden hour?

The “blue hour” is when the sun is below and the indirect sunlight creates a blue shade.

How to know if your camera is straight?

With or without gridlines set, be sure that everything in your photo is level. Some cameras also have a level that displays so you can see when your camera is perfectly straight. If the horizon or any other “balancing” line is visible, be sure that it is straight across in your shot.

How do cameras work? The basics

If you look at the giant cameras used by photography pioneers, then you check out the latest iPhone camera, you might think they don’t have anything in common.

Types of digital cameras

Photographers use many different camera types, but for the purposes of brevity, I’ll skip the large- and medium-format cameras and focus only on the most common options.

Camera sensors: why do they matter?

In the back of every digital camera is a sensor that records light, and you see the result as a digital photo.

How cameras work: final words

As you can see, cameras can be complicated! But hopefully, you now have a better understanding of how cameras work, and you know how to pick a camera of your own.