how to use camera lenses properly


how to use camera lenses properly插图

Insert the lens and rotate it toward the button. You should hear a click when the lens has been properly installed. Pro tip: Never use clothing, towels, or wet wipes to clean your camera lens.

What makes a good camera lens?

Pay attention to sensor format compatibility. DSLR cameras either have APS-C or full-frame sensors (the latter are generally found on high-end professional models). ...Choose the right lens for your camera. ...Think about focus. ...Size matters. ...

Which camera lens is best?

Top 5 Canon LensCanon EF 35mm f/1.4L II USMCanon EF 35mm f/2 IS USMCanon EF 100mm f/2 USMCanon EF 135mm f/2L USMCanon EF 85mm F1.2L USM

What type of lens does a camera use?

The body which is light tight and contains all the mechanical parts.The lens which is a convex (converging) lens).The film or a charged couple device in the case of a digital camera.

What is the best camera lens?

Key considerationsKit lenses: Kit lenses are the standard DSLR camera lenses that come with your camera body if you purchase it as a bundle. ...50 mm lenses: These are prime DSLR camera lenses – lenses with a single fixed focal point. ...Wide-angle lenses: Wide-angle lenses can be either prime lenses or have a variable focal range. ...More items...

Why are variable aperture lenses bad?

Variable aperture lenses don’t have the best reputation. In part, this is because it is annoying to have different aperture limitations throughout the zoom range. But all lens designs have trade-offs, and variable aperture is hardly the worst compromise out there.

Why are lens constructions important?

Of all of these concerns, one of the most important and easiest to overlook is simply the lens’s construction. Lenses with the fewest number of moving parts (i.e., internal focus and internal zoom) are generally ideal, since it allows for fewer points of failure. The same is true for lenses which are weather sealed; it’s worth paying more for a lens that will last longer.

What is the best aperture for a camera?

As with focal length, here’s a general guide to aperture: 1 Wider than f/1.4: Extremely large aperture 2 f/1.4 to f/2.8: Large aperture 3 f/4 to f/8: Normal aperture 4 f/11 to f/22: Small aperture 5 Narrower than f/22: Extremely small aperture

What is focal length?

The most important specification for most lenses is their focal length – in generic terms, how far “zoomed in” the lens is. Focal length is written in millimeters.

Why does my lens look hazy?

When you point your lens at the sun, it has the potential to create internal reflections or flare that shows up as blobs in the photo. Bright sources of light can also reduce the photo’s overall contrast and make it look too hazy.

How to tell if a lens is bad?

There’s no great way around sample variation, aside from testing your lenses. If you find that one or two corners are significantly less sharp than the others, that’s the best indication of a bad copy of your lens. See our articles on what to do when you get a new lens and on lens decentering.

What does L on a Canon lens mean?

Some don’t even refer to a specific feature, but instead are solely for advertising value (such as “L” on the Canon lens, which simply means it is one of Canon’s high-end lenses). NIKON D800E + 70-200mm f/4 @ 200mm, ISO 100, 1/40, f/16.0.

How to choose a prime lens?

Decide whether you want a prime lens with a single focal length or a zoom lens with some range. Look for a fast shutter speed if you’ll be shooting moving objects and wide aperture if you’d like a shallow depth of field. And always be sure to check that your camera body will be compatible with the lens you choose.

What is a 50mm lens called?

Nifty fifty is a nickname for a 50mm lens that has a wide aperture. The lens elements on a nifty fifty are usually made of affordable materials and are known for their ability to interpret images in a similar way as the human eye. Since they are right in the mid-point of focal ranges, there’s very little distortion or magnification in your image.

What is focal length?

Focal length is measured in millimeters (the magnification capability of the lens) and determines how much of a scene is visible in your viewfinder. Some lenses are “fixed” (also known as prime lenses) and have a single focal length, while others are “variable” (also known as zoom lenses) and can adjust to different focal lengths.

What is the right lens for a photographer?

The right lens for you depends on what type of photography you want to shoot. And your lens decision will mostly hinge on focal length. The lower the focal length of your lens, the wider its field of view — shorter focal lengths capture more wide-angle scenes.

What is the focal range of a wide angle lens?

Wide-angle lenses. At the low end of the focal range spectrum are wide-angle lenses, typically 12mm to 35mm. These show a wide shot of the scene. “If you shoot landscapes, a variable wide-angle lens would support that type of photography,” says photographer Pablo Diaz. “If you're shooting street photography, you might want to shoot ...

What is a camera body called?

Camera bodies are often sold in combination with a lens. These are called kit lenses. They are typically affordable zoom lenses that offer versatility to beginners. You likely won’t be able to achieve certain effects like a shallow depth of field with a variable kit lens, as their apertures (measured in f-stop numbers) are usually on the higher end.

What is a fish eye lens?

Fish-eye lens. This is a wide-angle lens with such a low focal length that the image appears round and distorted on the edges. They are typically between 4mm and 14mm.

Why is it important to know other lenses?

This is important because if you know other lenses that will be available, you can make a determination on whether you want some level of lens consistency or if you prefer more variety.

Why can't I buy the best camera lens?

The truth is you may not be able to buy the best camera lenses because often times they cost the same as a new Sedan. I know people who have sold a car to buy a single lens, and I know people who’ve sold a lens to buy a car — the latter being more common.

What does a wide lens do?

Plus, a wide lens will often yield a deep focus shot, which will allow your subject to remain in focus more during actor and camera movement. Keeping a subject in focus with a long lens can be like balancing a marble on your fingertip. It requires planning, skill, and maybe even some luck.

What is lens plot?

Any of these examples are known as a lens plot, and this is where you have a predetermined lens plan that enhances the plot and story.

What are the complaints about camera lenses?

One of the more common complaints about a camera lens is not the image it produces, but rather the actual build of the lens.

How to determine the aspect ratio of a lens?

The aspect ratio of a lens is determined by the sensor size (or film size) of the camera with which it is intended to mount. If a lens is built for an APS-C size sensor, it will not line up correctly with a full-frame camera.

What affects the way you choose your lens?

There is so much that goes into filmmaking that affects the way you might choose your lens or set of lenses. There are technical considerations, as well as narrative. This is where art meets craft.

What is a fast lens?

A “fast” lens is usually one that has an aperture of f/4, f/2.8, or larger. If sports is one of your primary subjects, a telephoto zoom such as a 70-200mm f/2.8 is an excellent choice. If you really want to shoot like the pros, you’ll want a 300mm f/4, a 300mm f/2.8, or a 400mm f/2.8. These lenses are great for getting you closer to the action, ...

What is the best lens for wildlife photography?

Of course, telephoto lenses are also excellent for sports, nature, and wildlife photography, where it can be difficult to get close. Sports, however, presents its own set of challenges. To be able to stop action without blur, you need a fast shutter speed. Typically, faster telephoto lenses are required.

What is a standard zoom lens?

Standard lenses (35mm to 85mm) Standard zoom lenses are great walkaround lenses. They are versatile, allowing you to do wide-angle landscape shooting, before zooming in to the telephoto end to take a great portrait.

What focal length is a standard zoom lens?

In fact, standard zooms tend to cover moderate wide-angle focal lengths all the way down to a medium telephoto – they often start at 24mm to 35mm, then zoom to around 70mm or even 105mm.

What is the good news about all major camera and lens manufacturers?

The good news is that all major camera and lens manufacturers offer a variety of focal lengths to satisfy most budgets. After you’ve answered those two questions, it’s time to take a look at the different types of lenses and how they can be used.

Why do we use telephoto lenses?

Telephoto lenses also compress distance, making everything appear closer together , as opposed to wide-angle lenses, which distort perspective and make things look separate. This can be useful for landscapes when you want the sun or moon to appear large in comparison to other objects in the image.

What is the focal length of a prime lens?

Well, prime lenses offer just one focal length, such as 35mm, 50mm, or 85mm. So a standard prime falls somewhere in that 35mm to 85mm standard range.

How to clean a lens?

Step 1: Use a blower to remove dust. If you want to clean your lens, avoid blowing on it . Your saliva or breath could increase condensation. The safest way is to use a blower to get rid of any dust and residue. They look like this:

Can you use a lens brush on camel hair?

You can use a lens brush, but we recommend a lens brush with camel hair. Camel hair is thin and will be less harmful to the lens. Keep in mind brushes can pick up a lot of unnecessary substances. Try not to touch the brush with your hands. It may seem insignificant but if the oils on your hand get to the lens, it could really do some damage.

Can you spray lens cleaner on a lens?

Don’t spray the cleaner directly on the lens , instead use a lens cleaning cloth or tissue. See the next step.

Do camera lenses get dirty?

Remember, your equipment will get a little dirty sometimes, but if you’re constantly keeping up with every spec of dust, you can end up doing more damage than what was there to begin with. Your camera lens is very sensitive, so only clean it, if it’s a must.

Does camera lens cleanliness affect quality?

By Alyssa Maio on August 15, 2019. T he cleanliness of your camera lens affects the quality of your images. It’s as simple as that. But it’s a bit of a double-edged sword because if you clean your lenses too much, or too often, you run the risk of scratching your lens.

Can you use alcohol to clean a camera lens?

Using camera lens cleaner is a last resort because you really don’t want to risk streaks. Most solutions are alcohol-based and if you just use one or two drops, you probably won’t leave any streaks.

Can oils on your hand damage your lens?

It may seem insignificant but if the oils on your hand get to the lens, it could really do some damage. They sometimes look like actual brushes, other models are made a bit slimmer like a pen. You can buy these everywhere, including here. If you want to how to use the brush check out the video below.

How to carry a camera with a long lens?

How To Carry A Camera With Long Lens: Proper Care Tips. Whether you are an amateur or a professional photographer, taking good care of your camera is a must. You should always keep your camera safe. However, keeping it safe doesn’t mean that you’ll keep it in the drawer in your house and rarely use it. Cameras are meant for taking photos both ...

What is a camera meant for?

Cameras are meant for taking photos both inside and outside and capturing everything through it. Taking good care of cameras, especially those with a long lens, is challenging. It requires effort just by properly carrying it. If you’re one of those who wonder how to carry a camera with a long lens the proper way, then this article is for you.

Can you keep a camera safe?

But it doesn’t mean that you can keep it safe forever because just like any other thing, not everything lasts forever. Still, you can certainly prolong its life. Learning how to carry a camera with a long lens properly, you don’t have to be scared of damaging it when you take your long lens camera outside. Taking photos with your long lens camera has never been this easy! Know more about cameras here!

Why are my camera batteries corroding?

Many camera batteries are now alkaline or lithium formats. If you keep your camera with the batteries inside of it in a moist area, then the batteries can get corrosive.

How to get rid of fingerprints on LCD screen?

Got fingerprints or unsightly smudges on your LCD screen? Just use the microfiber cloth to get rid of them. Got stubborn smudges? You'll need to do something extra like buying commercial LCD screen cleaners. Klear Screen and the Monster ScreenClean Kit are great examples.

Why not use UV filter on camera lens?

So why not protect it by attaching a UV filter? Not only will you give your lens a fighting chance, but you'll also enhance the quality of your pictures.

What happens if you drop a camera lens?

In the worst case scenario, if you happen to be clumsy and drop your camera, the UV filter will break first and keep the lens intact, thereby saving you a sizable repair bill.

Why turn off camera when changing lenses?

Similarly, if you change the lenses with the camera still turned on, you increase the chance that dust winds up on the sensor. Turn off your camera for battery conservation. Turning your camera off is also useful for battery conservation.

How to get dirt off camera lens?

Instead of canned air, rely on a brush or even a hand blower to get rid of dirt on, say, the lens. Squeeze bulbs are also a better alternative, for when you want to blow out dirt from the tiny cracks of your camera.

How to get moisture out of a camera?

Take your camera out only in a waterproof bag. If the weather’s unusually cold, just wrap your camera in a plastic bag that has silica desiccant packets for the reduction of moisture. It’s also a smart idea to have a soft towel with you to wipe off any moisture, just in case it should get on your camera.

How to get camera on Windows 10?

First, we’ll show you how to open the camera app in Windows 10: 1 Click on the Start button in the bottom left corner 2 There should be a list of apps showing up beginning with Most Used and then moving into alphabetical categories 3 Scroll down the list until you reach the apps under the letter “C” 4 Click on the Camera app tile 5 Alternatively, you can click the Start button and type “Camera” and click on the app 6 If this is your first time opening the app, you’ll need to allow the app access to your camera and microphone in the popup that requests it

How to turn on camera on laptop?

To do this, click Start and type in “Camera” or “Webcam”.

How to open side charms bar?

Open the side Charms bar by moving your mouse to the bottom right corner of the screen

Where to find camera drivers?

You might also find the camera drivers under the USB or unknown devices section

Where is the settings button on my phone?

Before you take another photo, you can adjust settings like resolution, grid type, and shooting mode. The settings button is in the top left corner of the screen. Read Also: How to Use a Phone as a Webcam.