how to take good photos with dslr camera


how to take good photos with dslr camera插图

How to tell if your camera is a DSLR?

Light enters the camera through the lens.The light bounces upwards off the reflex mirror (more on this later).This reflected light strikes the focusing screen/condenser,making it visible to our eyes.This projected image from the focusing screen is vertically and horizontally flipped as it enters the pentaprism /pentamirror.More items...

What DSLR camera is right for me?

The Canon EOS Rebel SL3 is the best DSLR camera for those who want to shoot 4K video on a budget. This camera, which is aimed at beginners, is also very small and light — in fact, it's one of the smallest DSLRs around — and has a bevy of in-camera guides to help novice shooters.

Which Canon DSLR is best for beginners?

Which is the best Canon DSLR to buy?Canon EOS Rebel T100 /EOS 4000D. …Canon EOS 90D. …Nikon D7500. …Nikon D780. …Canon EOS 6D Mark II. …Nikon D850. …Canon EOS 5D Mark IV. Canon’s full frame workhorse is a durable classic and popular with pros. …Pentax K-1 Mark II. Pentax makes only one full-frame DSLR,but it packs in a raft of features.

What features to look for in a DSLR camera?

What Features to Look for in a DSLR camera?MEGAPIXELS. ...SENSOR SIZE. ...CAMERA LENS AND ZOOM. ...IMAGE STABILIZATION. ...WHITE BALANCE (WB) At daylight,the automation will be accurate enough in almost all cameras,but in artificial lighting conditions we recommend manual adjustment,either by the preset values or ...VIDEO RECORDING. ...MEMORY CARDS. ...

How to control exposure?

Adjust ISO, shutter speed, and aperture to control exposure. Exposure refers to the way in which aperture, shutter speed, and ISO function together to change how light interacts with a photographic subject. If your photo is too dark, you can try raising the ISO, lowering the aperture, or lowering the shutter speed.

Why do you need a tripod when using a camera?

A tripod keeps your camera from moving or shaking when the lens is open. This is important when you’re using a higher aperture, since the shutter speed will need to be higher to compensate for the f-stop.

What does shutter speed mean?

Shutter speed refers to the amount of time that your lens is actually open. A lower shutter speed will result in a sharper image in terms of visual clarity, but a higher shutter speed will result in more intricate details and color saturation.

Why is my camera blurry?

If your subject is moving, they’ll be blurry if your shutter speed is too long.

How to keep noise out of photos?

Use a lower ISO to keep noise out of your photos. ISO is your camera’s sensitivity to light. A lower ISO will result in a smoother image, but requires a lot of light and a lower shutter speed. A higher ISO will result in a grainier image and requires very little light to achieve an exposure.

What is auto camera?

Auto: The camera automatically sets all exposure settings.

Why do you divide composition into thirds?

It's a principle in photography that your composition should be divided into thirds so that the focal point isn't directly in the center of the image.

How to get grainy photos without flash?

To avoid graininess in these low-light situations, set the ISO low and mount your DSLR on a tripod to get a clear shot. Or, you can always use a high ISO (to increase shutter speed enough for a handheld shot) and enjoy the creative grain! I like to convert low-light grainy photos to black and white in Photoshop and call it “film grain.”

What is aperture priority mode?

In Aperture Priority mode (often indicated by the symbol ‘A’ or ‘Av’ on your camera), you control the size of your aperture while the camera takes care of the shutter speed, yielding a well-exposed photo.

Why do people use priority mode?

Folks generally use Shutter Priority mode when they wish to capture movement in a particular way. They use a fast shutter speed to “freeze” a fast-moving object in time. A slower shutter speed would show the motion progression, yielding a blurred image of the subject. 2. Invest in a quality tripod.

What is shutter speed?

Shutter speed is the length of time that the shutter of your camera remains open when you are taking a picture, allowing light to hit your camera’s sensor (it’s also known as exposure time ).

What is the best ISO for a camera?

Here are some general rules to follow: An ISO of 100 is perfect for very sunny environments. ISO 200-400 works for overcast outdoor daylight, outdoor shade, or indoors where the scene is well-lit.

How to shoot a camera with a center focus?

The center focus point (which is the most sensitive point) should be pointed straight at your subject. Push the shutter button halfway down to lock the focus, then re compose your shot if you want (because the subject does not have to be in the dead center of your composition), then shoot.

What is shallow DOF?

Shallow DOF works well for portraits, food photography, and still life photos. If you set your aperture to a smaller size (indicated by a greater f- number) you can achieve what is known as deep DOF, where both the foreground and background are crisp, clear and in focus. You’ll want to use deep DOF for landscape shots.

What modes should I use?

You'll find a mode dial on top of most cameras. Virtually all DSLR and mirrorless cameras offer a full manual mode that lets you control shutter speed and aperture. It's the photographic equivalent of driving a stick-shift car: If you mess up, the camera won't help you. If you're not confident about handling all of these settings or are shooting in situations with rapidly changing lighting conditions, you're better off choosing shutter or Aperture Priority mode, which we'll explain in a bit.

How do I take portrait shots?

In general, you will get the best results with a shallow depth of field (controlled by the aperture). This keeps your subject sharp but blurs out the background so it doesn't distract. Follow these steps:

How do I take photos in low light?

When there isn't enough light in your environment for a good shot, you may want to use a larger aperture or slower shutter speed to let more light into the camera.

How do I use high dynamic range (HDR)?

HDR instructs the camera to capture the same scene at several different exposure levels (usually three) and combine the images so that all components — from brightest to darkest — are properly exposed.

What ISO light-sensitivity settings should I use?

Setting your ISO to Auto will serve you well on most cameras, and frees you up to concentrate on other relevant settings (such as shutter speed or aperture).

How do I make photos lighter or darker using exposure compensation?

However, you tweak shutter speed, aperture or ISO; the camera will compensate with the other settings to match the same level of exposure.

What is program mode on a camera?

Novice shooters can try Program mode, in which the camera decides what balance of shutter speed and aperture is best to get a good exposure. However, Program mode allows you to adjust a few other settings, such as ISO light sensitivity. RECOMMENDED VIDEOS FOR YOU... Created with Sketch.

What is a DSLR Camera?

A digital single lens reflex, or DSLR camera, is a camera with an internal mirror and prism system. This system is used to direct the light from the lens up to the viewfinder that you look through to compose the image.

What is the difference between DSLR and DSLR?

The difference between a DSLR camera and the other cameras on the market today is that a DSLR has this mirror and prism system which is used to send light to the viewfinder. If you take the lens off a DSLR and look inside the lens mount, you’ll see the mirror sitting at around a 45 degree angle.

How many hands do you need to hold a DSLR camera?

Most DSLR cameras are relatively heavy, and should always be held with two hands. This will stabilize the camera a great deal more than if you just try to operate it one handed.

How does the control wheel work on a camera?

Nearly every camera has a control wheel, which you rotate to increase or decrease these settings. If you are in aperture priority mode, the control wheel will increase and decrease the aperture setting. If you are in shutter priority mode, the same wheel will increase and decrease the shutter speed.

What is the process of metering a camera?

This process, where the camera meters the light to come up with the correct exposure, is known as metering.

What does it mean when your camera is in automatic mode?

Whatever mode your camera is in, it will always judge the light in the scene. It uses this to calculate correct settings so as to get an image that is neither too bright nor too dark, known as a correctly exposed image. If your camera is in automatic mode, all of this is done for you.

What is the sensor inside a camera?

The sensor inside the camera is “exposed” to the light. This is a throwback to the days of film photography, when exposing the chemicals in the film to the light caused it to react. Today, the sensor just records the information electronically, but the term exposure has stuck.

How to take a good photo?

Every great photo starts with a good exposure. Learn how your shutter speed, aperture, and ISO settings relate to each other. For example, if you shoot in low light with a small aperture and a fast shutter speed, you’ll end up with an underexposed image. When you understand that relationship, you can use these tools to experiment and capture the exact image you want. Try longer shutter speeds to create motion blur. Or use wider apertures to get a shallow depth of field. When one setting changes, all the others must adjust to compensate for it. Remember, if your image is over- or underexposed, it will distract your viewer from the composition, color, or content of your photograph.

How to arrange elements in a picture?

Composition is how a photographer arranges elements inside the frame of an image. Following standard composition rules, like the rule of thirds, is a great way to experiment with where objects fall within the shot. Don’t snap a shot so your subject sits in the middle of the image, place your subject in the left or right third of an image, and leave the other two thirds more open. Once you’ve mastered shooting with the rule of thirds in mind, experiment with shooting at different angles and from different perspectives. Try to balance your shot, fill the frame with your subject, or think about leading lines that draw the viewer’s eye across the image. An interesting composition can take a good photo and make it exceptional.

What happens if you take an overexposed picture?

Remember, if your image is over- or underexposed, it will distract your viewer from the composition, color, or content of your photograph.

How to make your photography more interesting?

Because that’s going to speak to your viewer. Just shoot whatever makes you happy,” says Carlson. When you’re passionate about the subject matter of your photos, that makes the image more interesting. If you like to hike, try your hand at landscape photography. Or connect with the people in your life and experiment with portraiture. Just follow your passions, and explore the subjects that matter to you.

Why is lighting important in photography?

Good light is crucial for good photos. It can set the mood, create a successful exposure, and highlight what’s important in the composition. Experiment with both studio lighting and natural light to see which approach is right for your photos. With studio lighting, you have complete control of the color, brightness, and position of lights. It can take time to learn how to light scenes and people naturally with studio lights, but once you know how to set up key lights, you can get just the look you’re going for.

When to take photos outdoors with natural light?

But if you shoot outdoors with natural light, don’t take photos at noon when the sun is directly above. This can make your images flat and overly bright. Instead, shoot during the last hour before sunset and the first hour after sunrise, otherwise known as the golden hour. The light at these times is softer and easier to work with.

Where should the subject be in the middle of an image?

Don’t snap a shot so your subject sits in the middle of the image, place your subject in the left or right third of an image, and leave the other two thirds more open. Once you’ve mastered shooting with the rule of thirds in mind, experiment with shooting at different angles and from different perspectives.

How to select focal length on zoom lens?

If you’re using a fixed or prime lens there will only be one focal length. To select a focal length on a zoom lens, rotate the zoom ring on the lens barrel. If your camera doesn’t have a zoom ring, use the zoom +/- buttons on the camera body.

How does focal length affect photography?

Focal length has a major impact on your images because it introduces a predictable amount of image distortion which can make or break your portrait photography. Find out what focal lengths your lens offers by examining the lens barrel. The focal lengths are displayed in millimeters, e.g. 18mm, 55mm, etc.

What is the metering mode on a camera?

Alternatively, set your camera’s metering mode to Spot metering or Center-weighted metering. This tells the camera to ignore overly light or dark regions around the edge of the scene which might trick it into under or over exposing the shot.

Why is a 50mm lens the best?

A 50mm focal length will give you the most accurate representation of your subject because it creates no distortion of their face. The photo above was shot with a 50mm prime lens.

How to raise your portrait photography game?

A sure-fire way to raise your portrait photography game is to shoot with a shallow depth of field. This allows you to have your subject in sharp focus while the background appears blurred or out of focus, helping your portrait subject stand out.

Why is the background important in portrait photography?

In portrait photography the background is just as important as the subject. A busy or distracting background will take attention away from the person in your photo.

Why do portraits look better?

Portrait photos look best if the eyes are in sharp focus. This improves the sense of eye contact between the subject and viewer, creating a powerful and engaging photo.