how to photograph eclipse with digital camera


how to photograph eclipse with digital camera插图

How to photograph a solar eclipse with a camera?

Once you get the proper Solar filter then it’s time to set up the camera. The best lens to use for photographing a Solar eclipse is over 400mm. Be sure to minimize vibrations and keep it steady. The best camera settings for a solar eclipse are fairly simple. Here is what I recommend:

Do you need a solar ND filter to photograph an eclipse?

When starting out with photographing a partial eclipse, even with a 5.0 Solar ND (16.5 Stops) filter attached, you might still be shooting at fairly fast shutter speeds. However, once total eclipse starts, you will need to remove the solar ND filter, or your shutter speed will be way too low.

What is the best lens to use for solar eclipse photography?

The best lens to use for photographing a Solar eclipse is over 400mm. Be sure to minimize vibrations and keep it steady. The best camera settings for a solar eclipse are fairly simple. Here is what I recommend: Again, we want to reiterate, whatever you do, don’t look directly at the sun – and especially don’t look through the viewfinder.

Is it safe to take pictures of the sun during an eclipse?

The only time it is safe to view the Sun without eye protection is when the Moon completely covers the photosphere in total eclipse (as seen in the image below). Although any camera can be used for eclipse photography, a Digital SLR camera is most suited since you can change lenses and plan for photography using various focal lengths.

How long does an annular eclipse last?

Just as with the partial eclipse of the sun, you must take precautions and use a solar filter to view the annular eclipse. Annularity can last up to 12 minutes.

What happens when the moon is on the far side of its orbit?

When the moon is on the far side of its orbit, it appears smaller and can’t completely cover the sun. It is during these eclipses that the moon’s antumbra shadow (the extension of the umbra) reaches Earth, causing an annular eclipse for people who are within the track of the antumbra (also called the path of annularity ). During this type of eclipse, you will see a ring or annulus of bright sunlight surrounding the moon at the maximum phase.

Where was the solar eclipse in 2001?

June 21, 2001 total solar eclipse, Chisamba, Zambia. Nikon N90s, Vixen 90mm Refractor f/9. Composite shows the various phases of the eclipse. The central image of the corona during totality is a composite of 22 negatives which reveal subtle details and structures in the Sun's atmosphere.

What is the name of the solar eclipse that changes to a total eclipse?

Hybrid Eclipse. A third type of solar eclipse, that may rarely occur, is called a hybrid eclipse. A hybrid eclipse is the name given to a total eclipse that changes to an annular eclipse or an annular eclipse that changes to a total eclipse. They are sometimes called annular/total eclipses.

How does a solar eclipse begin?

A solar eclipse begins as a small notch slowly appears along one edge of the sun. During the next hour, the moon will gradually cover more and more of the sun’s bright disk. If the eclipse is a total solar eclipse, the last remaining minutes of the partial phases can be dramatic. The crescent of the sun grows thinner as the moon’s shadow approaches. The abrupt darkness of totality is stunning to view, and the solar corona is an awe-inspiring sight. The sun’s corona can only be seen during the few brief minutes of totality.

How to increase the focal length of a photo of a solar eclipse?

With a DSLR, you can also combine a super telephoto lens with a teleconverter to increase the focal length. You can also increase the relative size of the eclipse image by selecting an FX camera’s "DX Crop Mode". If you’re photographing the solar eclipse using a COOLPIX compact digital camera, turn the built-in flash to OFF.

Why bracket exposures for solar eclipses?

Because the sun’s brightness stays the same throughout the partial phases, no exposure compensation will be needed. You may also decide to bracket your exposures to ensure that you photograph the solar eclipse with a perfect exposure.

What was the color of the moon in 2001?

Nikon 8008, 35mm NIKKOR lens in multiple exposure mode captured every phase of the eclipse at five min. intervals. During totality, the moon took on a deep red color. Basic exposure of 1/125 sec. at f/5.6 was increased to 1/8 sec. within 15 min. of totality, then set to 4 sec. throughout totality. A second metered exposure captures morning twilight and silhouettes the ancient temple of Poseidon on Kodak Royal Gold 100 film.

What lens was used to photograph the lunar eclipse?

Star trail during the total lunar eclipse, Jan. 21, 2000. Nikon 8008 SLR, 50mm NIKKOR, f/16 opened to f/5.6 during totality, for a total exposure time of 2 hrs. and 30 min. on Kodak Royal Gold 400 film. The narrow lines that parallel the Moon's path are images of bright stars.

How does a lunar eclipse begin?

A lunar eclipse begins as a small notch slowly appears along one edge of the moon. During the next hour, the moon gradually dips deeper into Earth's dark umbral shadow. If the eclipse is a total one, the last remaining minutes of the partial phases can be quite dramatic. The crescent of the moon grows thinner as darkness propagates through a night sky now deprived of moonlight. If you're away from city lights, the Milky Way becomes bright and beautiful as the total phase begins.

How many lunar eclipses are there in a year?

A lunar eclipse occurs whenever the moon passes through the Earth’s dark shadow, which can only happen during a full moon. There are two or more lunar eclipses a year.

How to photograph the night sky?

When you photograph the night sky using very long exposures of several minutes or more, you will end up with an effect known as Star Trails. Because of the Earth’s rotation, you are capturing a trail of the light from the stars (or moon in this case). Photographing a lunar eclipse this way will allow the moon to slowly drift across the frame. To photograph Star Trails, you will definitely need to use a cable release.

Where was the moon eclipse in 2000?

Jan. 21, 2000 total Lunar Eclipse, Dunkirk, MD. Nikon N70 SLR on an AstroPhysics 130 EDF +, f/12, Kodak Royal Gold 100 and 400 films. The moon was photographed at five min. intervals throughout the eclipse. You can see every stage of the eclipse from start to finish. Individual images scanned, composite created using Adobe Photoshop.

What direction does the moon go when it is eclipsed?

If the eclipse occurs in the early evening, the moon will be rising and its motion will bring it up and to the right as you face the moon. If the eclipse occurs during the middle of the night, the moon’s motion will be from left to right. If the eclipse occurs during the early morning hours, the moon will be setting, and its motion will take it down and to the right. These directions are for the Northern Hemisphere. If you are in the Southern Hemisphere, the motions in the left and right directions will be opposite.

What is a Solar Eclipse?

A solar eclipse is a rare cosmic event that takes place when the Moon gets in between the Sun and the Earth, blocking Sun rays partially or fully, essentially casting a shadow over Earth. Solar eclipses can only take place when the Moon is new and it is directly aligned with the Sun and the Earth, and depending on the Moon’s proximity to Earth and the relative alignment of the three, a solar eclipse could be partial, total or annular. Hence, a solar eclipse is a cosmic coincidence.

How to stop camera shake during partial eclipse?

To reduce chances of camera shake, make sure to enable Electronic Front-Curtain Shutter, if you have it on your camera. Once it gets dark, you will need to be much more careful when handling your camera gear. Make sure to either use a remote shutter release cable or exposure delay mode in combination with a timer to reduce potential for camera shake.

How does a solar eclipse happen?

A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon fully covers the Sun. It is the rarest of the three to witness, because several things need to happen at the same time. First, the three celestial objects need to be properly aligned, so that the Moon can fully block the Sun and cast its shadow. Second, the Moon needs to be at the right distance from the Earth – if it is too far, it will not fully cover the Sun. Third, in order to see a total solar eclipse, one has to be in the direct path of alignment of the Moon and the Sun, or in the center of the Moon’s shadow.

How to take a photo of a solar eclipse?

For photographing a solar eclipse, you will need to carefully choose what camera gear you will be taking with you. Ideally, you might want to capture two separate types of images using two different setups: a close-up of the eclipse using a super telephoto lens and a wide-angle view of the scene you will be at. Both can yield very interesting and unique images! Keep in mind that it is going to get fairly dark during totality, so a wide-angle view of the scene around you might result in great-looking photographs, especially if you have something beautiful to include as part of your composition. Based on this, I will be providing two different gear and technique recommendations – one for getting a close-up of the solar eclipse, and one for those wide-angle shots.

What lens do you need for a solar eclipse?

Super Telephoto Lens: If you want to get a good close-up of the solar eclipse, you will need a super telephoto lens – the longer, the better. See additional notes below on ideal focal length.

What happens during totality?

During totality, light levels can drop to very low levels, creating an eerie feeling and sometimes even allowing one to see stars in the middle of the day. You will be seeing a “ring of fire” around the Moon, or the Sun’s corona, which is pretty incredible (and this is exactly what happened during the last total solar eclipse on August 21, 2017).

Why does the Moon have a bright ring around the Moon during an annular solar eclipse?

Lastly, an annular solar eclipse takes place when the Moon is too far from the Earth in order to fully block the Sun. As a result, one can observe a bright ring around the Moon during the eclipse.

What is a Solar Eclipse?

When the Moon moves directly in between the Sun and Earth and casts a shadow directly onto Earth, causing a perfect celestial line up of the Sun, Moon, and Earth (in that order), thus it produces a spectacular phenomenon – a Solar Eclipse.

How long does a solar eclipse last?

The entire duration of a solar eclipse lasts more or less three hours. The moment when the Moon touches the Sun externally is known as First Contact.

What Is Totality?

The short duration between the Second Contact phase and the Third Contact phase is of particular interest to photographers. It is called ‘Totality’ and only lasts from a few seconds up to a maximum of seven minutes.

What are the things that happen during a solar eclipse?

With so many different events happening in a Total Solar Eclipse such as Diamond Ring, Baily’s Beads, Crescents on the ground, and Pearly white Corona in the sky, ...

How often do solar eclipses occur?

However, there is some variation of a solar eclipse occurring a few days short of every six months. It is rare for a solar eclipse to re-occur at a particular location, on an average occurring after an average of 350 years at the same place. People travel long distances and across the world to photograph total solar eclipses.

What is the best thing about a solar eclipse?

The great thing about a solar eclipse is the date, time, and the location is precise and can be known and planned well in advance.

How many variations of a solar eclipse?

There are four variations of a solar eclipse that can occur. Depending on moons location (distance) from the Earth and the Sun will determine which of the following solar eclipses will occur.

Solar Filters

To view the eclipse through your camera, and more importantly, to photograph it, you’ll first need a solar filter. Don’t think that you can get away without a filter by simply using Live View and watching the eclipse from your camera’s LCD, as you risk damaging your camera’s imaging sensor.

The Camera And The Exposure

Vuki?evi? says the best lenses for photographing solar eclipses are super-telephotos longer than 400mm, or even attaching the camera to a telescope. In either case, keeping the camera steady is paramount, so set the camera on a tripod and attach a cable release. With the camera in manual exposure mode, set the ISO to its lowest value.

Focusing On The Sun

If possible, Vuki?evi? suggests using a motorized tracker to move the camera/telescope as the sun tracks across the sky. This accessory is likely cost-prohibitive to most, but may be worth investigating for those who are serious about solar, lunar and astral photography, in general.

How to see the eclipse with the naked eye?

If you prefer to see the eclipse with the naked eye, then get a pair of certified eclipse glasses. Or, build a small pinhole camera/projector. Grab two pieces of stiff cardstock or two paper plates, make a small hole in one, then hold that cardstock or plate above the other one and align them with the sun.

What lens should I use for a solar eclipse?

Once you get the proper Solar filter then it’s time to set up the camera. The best lens to use for photographing a Solar eclipse is over 400mm. Be sure to minimize vibrations and keep it steady. The best camera settings for a solar eclipse are fairly simple. Here is what I recommend:

Can you look at a solar eclipse with your eyes?

build a small pinhole camera/projector. The most important thing to remember is that you should NEVER look directly at a solar eclipse with your eyes, especially through a viewfinder with a telephoto lens attached, which magnifies the sun even more. Staring directly into an eclipse can result in serious eye injury or permanent blindness.

Can you photograph a solar eclipse?

photograph a solar eclipse. A solar eclipse can be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for many photographers to capture truly otherworldly images. But it doesn’t come without its challenges. In this tutorial we’ll explain how to photograph a solar eclipse, from setting up your camera to focusing and staying safe.

Safety

Now, I'm sure you remember all of the warnings against looking at a solar eclipse with your bare eye (remember those pinhole projectors you made as a kid out of two pieces of cardboard?) That wasn't just your mom being paranoid, there is actually a certain amount of danger associated with viewing a solar eclipse.

Camera and equipment

The pinhole projector method is a great way to observe a solar eclipse, but that doesn't help you a whole lot if your goal is to photograph the event. What you need is a solar filter, which is basically just a very dark neutral density filter.

Settings

The funny thing about eclipses is this: even though the sun is partially blocked, its brightness remains constant until it gets to the "narrow crescent" phases of the eclipse. So this means that you can take test shots of the sun before the eclipse, which will help you determine what settings to use during the event itself.

Post-processing

You’ll get the most brilliant images of the total eclipse if you combine exposures in post-processing. You can do this with the built-in HDR features of software like Adobe Photoshop, or you can use dedicated HDR software like Photomatix.

Conclusion

Solar eclipses are fun and exciting events, and you do have some time to capture them so there’s no need to go into panic mode once that much-anticipated event begins.